Government Finances

These pages present Finances of the Nation’s datasets on Revenue, Expenditure, Assets and Liabilities (REAL data) of governments in Canada. Currently, these data sets are available:

Government Revenue and Expenditure

Detailed revenue and expenditure of federal and provincial/territorial governments, by province and territory, from 1965/66 to the latest available data. Currently, this dataset includes federal and provincial governments. Future editions of the dataset will include consolidated provincial-local governments by province/territory and consolidated general government for all of Canada.

Fiscal Monitor

This dataset compiles information from the monthly Fiscal Monitor dataset reported by the Department of Finance Canada from January, 2000 – current. The dataset provides details on the federal government’s monthly consolidated finances.

Quarterly Fiscal Data

We compile quarterly government fiscal data from Statistics Canada’s regular updates. This data is updated every three months. Specific values will differ from official public accounts as accounting conventions vary by province, and this data is annualized to the calendar year rather than fiscal year.

Federal Debt

Detailed data on categories of federal government debt, from 1867 to the latest available data. It including gross and net debt, marketable bonds, other liabilities, etc. Also includes data on flows of federal surplus/deficit and interest payments on the debt.

Provincial-Territorial Debt

These data are drawn from the Provincial Public Accounts section of the Fiscal Reference Tables, a compendium of fiscal data published annually by the federal Department of Finance. The net debt of each province and territory is reported, using the accounting rules of the respective governments. The user is cautioned that that data may not be fully comparable over time, due to changes in accounting rules.

National Balance Sheet

Statistics Canada compiles quarterly data on the asset and debt holdings of Canada’s governments, corporations, and households. The following is based on calculations using a selection of this data and the Finances of the Nation macroeconomic database.

Debt Sustainability Simulator

Debt sustainability analysis projects government revenues and expenditures forward to explore whether debt to GDP ratios grow without bound. Fiscal gap analysis is a particular tool to quantify what fiscal adjustment, if any, is necessary to ensure sustainability of public finances. These gaps represent the required change in primary balances (as a share of GDP) to maintain net debt to GDP ratios over a desired time horizon. This tool allows you to select various scenarios governing fundamental economic, fiscal, and demographic developments as well as selected policy reforms and see the resulting effect on fiscal gaps.